The Biggest Theatre Productions of All Time

When it comes to the theatre industry, there are plenty of different shows that you can watch that are well-known and are popular all over the world not just in Britain. As any British folk reading this will know, playing bingo games, watching the horses or going to the theatre all count as top nights out on this little island.

In this article, we will discuss some of the biggest theatre productions of all time. If you are interested and you would like to know more, keep reading for further information.

Mamma Mia!

One of the best, biggest and one of the most well-known theatre productions is, of course, Mamma Mia! This production is one of the most popular of all time because of the songs from ABBA and the fun and exciting storyline. This is a theatre show like no other and it has been enjoyed for many generations and is still very popular to this day even though it has been performed 5,758 times already. This theatre show has been enjoyed in many theatres which include theatres in Scotland, London, France and many more. As well as being a theatre show, Mamma Mia! Is also a brilliant movie that has won many awards over the years and if you just can’t get enough of the first movie then, not to worry, you will be able to enjoy the sequel to this movie called Mamma Mia! Here we go again. Continue reading

Popular Poker Scenes in Movies

Various casino games have played an important part in movie plots. When looking at these scenes, the game of poker appears the most often. The game has been around for a long time which has lead to numerous variations being created, and is still exceedingly popular in both land based, and online casinos such as Gaming Club online casino. Given this history, poker is easily worked into movies with various time periods and settings. For instance, movies set in the Old West often feature poker in some capacity. The game of poker adds certain elements to film including exciting action and tension.

One of these films would be the movie, Tombstone. In this film is a classic scene occurring within a saloon. A game of poker is being played when the scene opens. The hand is won by Doc Holiday. It is learned that this was his twelfth winning hand in a row. Another opponent accuses him of cheating. After Holiday belittled the man making the accusation, the opponent tries to attack Holiday but the incident is avoided by the presence of the sheriff.

TombstoneThe movie, “Sunset Trail”, is also set within the same time period. The movie is an older film, however, released in 1939. This movie provides an excellent example of how bluffing can assist poker players. The main character gets into a high stakes game in an attempt to win back money swindled from him by a casino owner.

MaverickThe movie, “Maverick”, was based on a television show aired during the 1950’s. The title character, played by Mel Gibson, finds himself in a poker tournament. He continues to win and is seated at the final table. In this game, Gibson is pitted against his largest rival. The movie has some intense poker action intertwined with comedy provided by Mel Gibson. The cast of this movie is star studded with many well known actors and is very entertaining.

If you decide to give online poker a chance, make sure to read this poker for beginners guide before depositing money into your account.

The Titan

Prometheus is a Titan – a giant-like deity from Greek mythology originating in the 8th-century BC Greek poem Theogony. He is the son of Lapetos and the Oceanid Klymenê.

He was tasked by Zeus with creating human beings, and to shape them in the likeness of the gods. However, Zeus made one exception: human beings were not to have fire, and so he hid it from them. Knowing what an intelligent being could do with fire, Zeus was afraid that humanity might use it to overthrow the gods.

Prometheus duly created human beings, but was so taken with his creation that he decided to disobey Zeus. He stole fire from heaven and gave it to humanity, hidden inside a hollow fennel stalk. This of course gave them just that mastery of the world that Zeus had feared, and gods were indeed overthrown in the most radical sense possible: we stopped believing that they even exist.

prometheus_titanZeus was enraged at Prometheus’ disobedience, and determined to punish him in the most horrible way imaginable. So he nailed him to a mountain in the remote Caucasus mountains and sent an eagle to visit him every day. The eagle would tear out Prometheus’ liver, and then fly away. The liver would grow back over night, and the eagle would return the next day and tear it out all over again. And so on. Forever.

Or not quite forever. Many years later Hercules came by on one of his Labours, released Prometheus and shot the eagle in exchange for information. Prometheus was released, Zeus relented, and then… Who knows?

Sources of the myth

As is the case with many myths, and especially one so old, different scholars, playwrights, poets and so forth have added to the myth, embellished some points and refuted others. Some say Prometheus was tasked by Zeus with creating human beings, and to shape them in the likeness of the gods. A more common variant like that in the book Prometheus Bound, is that he was the champion of humanity, and gave us every skill, but did not create us. According to the Greek scholar Apollodorus, Prometheus completed his task by shaping humans from earth and water. Others say that he shaped us from clay.

In books

You can purchase the excellent tragedy about our unfortunate Titan, Prometheus Bound, from Amazon. This was supposedly written by Aeschylus (an ancient Greek tragedian / playwright) circa 450BC.

Human Intelligence

Hear the sum of the whole matter in the compass of one brief word – every art possessed by man comes from Prometheus.

– Aeschylus c. 500 BC

The definition of intelligence is controversial. As intelligent beings, we have a range of capacities that are open to scientific research, but for which the predominant scientific approaches have no convincing explanation.

For example, human beings have history and consciousness and reason and art and politics and a hundred other things that exist only in the most rudimentary forms in other species. As far as the vast majority of other species are concerned, they are completely unknown. Yet as far as I am aware, there are no scientific models of human nature, or any significant fraction of that nature, that even recognise, let alone account for the centrality of these things to what it means to be human.

As for the importance of intelligence to all this, it only because of their intelligence that human beings are able to wonder about their world and their place in it, that they care what sense their world makes, and that they have the power to change that world until it does indeed make sense. On the other hand, their peculiar intelligence is embodied in few, if any, innate practical capacities, so they have no choice but to make their world from the bottom upwards, from the simplest forms of sustenance to the most sophisticated world-systems.

Even though they play little part in modern scientific thought, such ideas of human nature have a long and eminent history, and plainly it is essential to any science of human nature that we understand the intelligence that makes all this possible. I hope that this site will operate as a conduit through which such ideas can be channelled back into scientific thinking.

by RJ Robinson

Prometheus Bound

Prometheus Bound is a short ancient Greek tragedy about the title character Prometheus, a Titan (Greek god). It is a tale of self-sacrifice, as Prometheus knows that to destroy the Titan he hates – Zeus – he must first be destroyed himself. The play is regarded as one of the ancient classics, and is usually attributed to the Greek playwright Aeschylus.

The plot

The play commences with Prometheus being chained to a mountain (hence the play’s title) at the behest of Zeus, the father of all gods, as punishment for stealing fire from him and giving it to the human race. While he struggles with his predicament he has several visitors. The Oceanids comfort and converse with him, and Prometheus seeks sympathy for his plight. He acknowledges he has done wrong to disobey Zeus, but hints that Zeus himself is not as mighty as he thinks. Next, Oceanus, father of the Oceanids, pleads with him to instead make peace with Zeus, but Prometheus will not. The nymph, Io, talks to him as she tries to escape Zeus’ wife Hera. She begs Prometheus to tell her how long she is doomed to roam the earth, and in doing so Prometheus reveals a secret about Zeus that will lead to his downfall. The play ends with Zeus demanding Prometheus reveal this secret, but he refuses, and Zeus strikes him with lightning, sending him into the abyss.

Style of the play

The play consists almost entirely of talking and singing, with very little action. It concentrates mainly on Prometheus’ predicament, as he laments his fortune both alone and with the other gods that visit him.

Like all ancient Greek plays, it makes use of the chorus, a group of performers who act as one throughout the performance, commenting on the action and helping the audience understand the plot and emotions conveyed. The ancient equivalent of the laughter track perhaps. In Prometheus Bound the chorus is performed by the Oceanids (daughters of the Titans Oceanus and Tethys).

Prometheus Bound Book



The resolute title character of the tale.


The personification of strength and power, persuades Hephaestus to strike the chains into place around Prometheus or risk Zeus’ wrath himself.


The god of fire, this soft-hearted mythic smith forges the chains that bind Prometheus to the mountain. He reluctantly fixes them in place, lamenting the punishment of a fellow god.

Chorus of Ocean Nymphs

The daughters of the Titans Oceanus and Tethys.


Oceanus tries in vain to convince Prometheus to forget about his anger towards Zeus.


Io is a nymph (minor Greek deity) and Zeus’ mistress, left to wander the earth on the run from Hera, Zeus’ wife.


Zeus’ messenger.

Translation into English

Much of the play is written in a rhyming style, which is notoriously difficult to translate accurately into English without losing some of the essence of the original. Metaphors can be lost and word order changed as the translator attempts to keep the rhyming alive. Different translations can therefore vary quite considerably, so if you are studying Prometheus Bound seriously it will be important to pick an accurate translation.


If you have an interest in Greek tragedy or the history of theatre, this would be an excellent purchase. As you would expect with a book written many hundreds of years ago, it is not an easy read for the average reader. Some grounding in classical works would be handy, to aid with understanding the terminology and imagery. Buying a volume with explanatory notes also comes highly recommended if you want to know what every line means.
A popular and cheap purchase is the Penguin Classics version, which you can buy online from Amazon. It has an introduction by Philip Velacott and plenty of explanatory notes to help you understand the text.

Quotes About Intelligence

Having proved men’s and brutes’ bodies on one type: almost superfluous to consider minds.

– Charles Darwin, Transmutation Notebooks

This intelligence-testing business reminds me of the way they used to weigh hogs in Texas. They would get a long plank, put it over a cross-bar, and somehow tie the hog on one end of the plank. They’d search all around till they’d found a stone that would balance the weight of the hog and they’d put that on the other end of the plank. Then they’d guess the weight of the stone.

– John Dewey

There are painters who transform the sun into a yellow spot, but there are others who, thanks to their art and intelligence, transform a yellow spot into the sun.

– Pablo Picasso

In the scale of life there is a gradual decline in physical variability, as the organism has gathered into itself resources for meeting the exigencies of changing external conditions; and that while in the mindless and motionless plant these resources are at a minimum, their maximum is reached in the mind of man, which, at length, rises to a level with the total order and powers of nature, and in its scientific comprehension of nature is a summary, an epitome of the world.

– Chauncey Wright, Limits of Natural Selection

In our study of Anatomy there is a mass of mysterious Philosophy, and such as reduced the very Heathens to Divinity; yet, amongst all those rare discoveries and curious pieces I find in the Fabrick of Man… there is no Organ or Instrument for the rational soul…. Thus we are men, and we know not how…

– Sir Thomas Browne, Religio Medici

Many organisms ‘experience’ the sun, and even guide their lives by its passage. A sunflower may track the sun in a minimal way, twisting to face it as it crosses the sky, maximising its daily exposure to sunlight, but it can’t cope with an intervening umbrella… But we human beings don’t just track the sun, we make an ontological discovery about the sun: it’s the sun!

– Daniel Dennett, Kinds of Mind

There is nobody more irritating than somebody with less intelligence and more sense than we have.

– Don Herold

None of my animals (with the possible exception now and again of the monkeys) showed the least understanding of the how or why of their actions, as distinct from the crude fact that such and such a thing produced the result they required… What Jack [his dog] or the elephant knew was, crudely, that they had to push [a] bolt… The reason why… they obviously never grasped.

– LT Hobhouse, Mind in Evolution

Man considering himself is the great prodigy of nature. For he cannot conceive what his body is, even less what his spirit is, least of all how body can be united with spirit. That is the peak of his difficulty and yet it is his very being.

– Blaise Pascal, Pensées

[Communication] permits all human beings regardless of race, culture, age, gender or experience, to unite more closely with one another than individuals of any other species… No matter how similar to one another wildebeests are, standing shoulder to shoulder to shoulder in a herd, they cannot know much of anything about their similarities, let alone their differences. They cannot compare notes. They can have similar experiences, side by side, but they really cannot share experiences the way we do.

– Daniel Dennett, Kinds of Mind

Nobody ever saw a dog make a fair and deliberate exchange of one bone for another with another dog.

– Adam Smith, Wealth of Nations

The philosophers have only interpreted the world in various ways; the point, however, is to change it.

– Karl Marx, Theses on Feuerbach

As far as I can remember, there is not one word in the Gospels of praise of intelligence.

– Bertrand Russell

It is an idea that will be found consistent with the natural phenomena around universe, with the various events of human life, and with the successive revelations of God to man, to suppose that the world is a mighty process for the creation and formation of mind. Many vessels will necessarily come out of this great furnace in wrong shapes. These will be broken and thrown aside as useless; while those vessels whose forms are full of truth, grace, and loveliness, will be wafted into happier situations, nearer the presence of the mighty maker.

– Reverend Thomas Malthus, Essay on the Principle of Population

Computers are useless. They can only give you answers.

– Pablo Picasso

Man is the result of a purposeless and materialistic process that did not have him in mind. He was not planned. He is a state of matter, a form of life, a sort of animal, and a species of the Order Primates, akin nearly or remotely to all of life and indeed to all that is material. It is however a gross misrepresentation to say that he is just an accident or nothing but an animal. Among all the myriad forms of matter and of life on the earth, or as far as we know in the universe, man is unique. He happens to represent the highest form of organisation of matter and energy that has ever appeared. Recognition of this kinship with the rest of the universe is necessary for understanding him, but his essential nature is defined by qualities found nowhere else, not by those he has in common with apes, fishes, trees, fire, or anything other than himself.

– George Gaylord Simpson, The Meaning of Evolution

I deem I was not made for heaven or hell. But simply for the Earth.

– William Morris, Bellerophon at Argos

You may think that there are other more important differences between you and an ape, such as being able to speak, and make machines, and know right from wrong, and say your prayers, and other little matters of that kind; but that is a child’s fancy, my dear. Nothing is to be depended upon but the great hippopotamus test.

– Charles Kingsley, The Water Babies

You can give a dog neurosis… by a complicated laboratory experiment: you can find cases of brief emotional conflict in the lives of wild animals and birds. But, for the most part, psychological conflict is shirked by the simple expedient of arranging that now one and now another instinct should dominate the animal’s behaviour.

– Julian Huxley, The Uniqueness of Man

Calling a [political] state an ‘organism’ and concluding that it is therefore comparable with a metazoan organism is a glaring example of the fallacy of the shifting middle term.

– George Gaylord Simpson, The Meaning of Evolution

One can imagine an animal angry, frightened, unhappy, happy, startled. But hopeful? And why not? A dog believes his master is at the door. But can he also believe his master will come the day after tomorrow? – And what can he not do here? – How do I do it? – How am I supposed to answer this?

– Ludwig Wittgenstein, Philosophical Investigations, Part II, i

‘He was a philosopher, if you know what that was. ’ ‘A man who dreams of fewer things than there are in heaven and earth,’ said the Savage promptly.

– Aldous Huxley, Brave New World

It has become abundantly clear that human behaviour is active in character, that it is determined not only by past experience, but also by plans and designs formulating the future, and that the human brain is a remarkable apparatus which can not only create these models of the future, but also subordinate its behaviour to them. It has become evident at the same time that recognition of the decisive role played by such plans and designs, these schemes for the future and the programmes by which they are materialized, cannot be allowed to remain outside the sphere of scientific knowledge, and that the mechanisms on which they are based can and must be subject of deterministic analysis and scientific explanation, like all other phenomena and associations in the objective world.

– Alexander Luria, The Working Brain

To disparage man and exalt animals in order to establish a point of contact, followed by a point of union, has been and still is the general tendency of the ‘advanced theories’ in fashion in our day. Ah, how often are these ‘sublime theories’, that morbid craze of our time, based upon ‘proofs’ which, if subjected to the light of experiment, would lead to… ridiculous results.

– Jean Henri Fabre

The Film

Prometheus is a science-fiction film directed by Ridley Scott and due for release in June 2012. It is loosely intended as an unofficial prequel to the 1979 film Alien. The plot takes the usual Alien / Ridley Scott theme of a group of humans exploring an alien planet – on the spaceship Prometheus – and presumably getting knocked off one by one. Who will survive until the end of the film? Will the human race be wiped out? Which one of them will be the bad guy?

Scott says the film occupies the same universe as Alien, but that the storyline will not overlap or be connected. Watch the trailers below and you’ll see what he means about the same universe – it feels so familiar. The giant ‘Space Jockey’ from the Alien film can also be seen, with Prometheus apparently set to explore the mythology of these giant beings in some depth, rather than simply being an alien blast ‘em up. So while it seems to have the Alien look and feel, don’t just expect it to be more of the same plot-wise.

Release dates

UK: 1st June
USA: 8th June

Main cast

Noomi Rapace as Elizabeth Shaw

Probably plays a similar role to ‘Ripley’ from the Alien films, in the trailer you can see her venturing out on foot into the alien spaceship.

She can be seen to struggle along a corridor in one scene and shaking and praying in another.

Michael Fassbender as David

Watch for him heading out on foot with Shaw in the trailer. Listen to him say:
“How far would you go to get your answers? What would you be willing to do?”
Is he asking someone or referring to himself? Perhaps this is a hint that he’s going to go too far and put the crew in danger.

Charlize Theron as Meredith Vickers

Ridley Scott won’t merely let Theron play the eye-candy role that other director’s, like the unimaginative Michael Bay, probably would.Dresses like the ‘boss’ of the spaceship in the preview and seems to be the one in charge on Prometheus.

Idris Elba as Janek

Looks like he is the pilot of Prometheus as he is seen at the controls on two occasions in the preview.

Guy Pearce as Weyland
Apparently he’s only in the film for 5 minutes, playing the familiar role of the big boss who stays on earth and sends everyone to die.

Logan Marshall-Green as Charlie Holloway

Will he play the secret bad guy role and only be found out just as it looks like he’s going to succeed? Or is he the good guy? Will it even be that simple…

Seems to have a problem with his eyes in one scene, does he have an alien inside?